Colonial America

Tobacco Culture & Race

Dr. Kane

mkane2@albany.edu Social Science 116 | MWF 12:35-1:30 PM

Office Hrs: M 10:20 - 11:20 & F 1:30 - 3:30 Social Science 60S

Friday, September 29

coming up

  • midterm Monday October 9
  • History honors society
  • UA Puerto Rico relief: http://www.albany.edu/relief/
  • Student Care Services at (518) 442-5501
  • http://www.albany.edu/ualbanycares/

today's class

  • Virginia vs. South Carolina
  • legally defining race
  • Spanish Florida
  • what's going on in England

we'll come back to

  • Yamasee War 1715-1717
  • Stono Rebellion 1739

Carolinas & Suspect Relations

  • how did the headright system in Virginia and South Carolina differ?
  • how did gender help define differences between servants and slaves?
  • how was trade with Indians connected to the Caribbean slave trade?

racialization

  • whereas: the current state of things
  • levy/tithe/tytheable: tax/taxable
  • accompt/accompted: account/accounted
  • refractory: disobedient

legally defining race

  • what is the reason for the law (whereas)
  • what is the change made by the law (be it henceforth)
  • what is the change from the previous law
  • what is the intended effect of the law

Spanish Florida

  • St. Augustine vs. Fort Caroline - 1565
  • Spanish mission system
  • regulation of piracy vs. expanding plantation system
  • Creek & Apalachee gun trade
  • Ayuable Massacre January 1704

Board of Trade & Lords Proprietor

  • Lords Proprietor: religious toleration, quitrent, political representation
  • Board of Trade: 1622
  • increase royal authority & influence of Church of England
  • charter colonies: Plymouth, Virginia
  • proprietary colonies: NY, NJ, Carolina, Maryland
  • royal colonies: NY, Massachusetts

how does this all fit together?

  • pre-contact politics inform politics of contact
  • global trade shapes labor systems
  • global trade breaks down traditional European social order
  • New World seen as solution to European social disorder
  • labor & gender form racial categories
  • enforcement of sex, gender & race categories seen as essential to social order
  • demographics & fear shapes law & political rights