Failed & Nearly Failed Colonies
firstname.lastname@example.org Social Science 116 | MWF 12:35-1:30 PM
Office Hrs: M 10:20 - 11:20 & F 1:30 - 3:30 Social Science 60S
Wednesday, September 20
- Objects paper due Monday Sept 25 (BB)
- EC: Sept 28 11:30 Campus Center West Charlottesville roundtable
- remember Nathanial Bacon!
- paper advice
- failed colonies
- factors in failure and success
- Jamestown, 1607
- formal analysis + close reading + context
- how and why did people attach meaning to objects
- how and why are your objects or the connection between them significant
Taylor, Virginia & Chesapeake
- how did English experience in Ireland shape their expectations in Virginia?
- how was colonization intended to provide a solution to poverty in England?
- how did the English colonists use the Powhatan’s 1622 surprise attack to their advantage?
- San Miguel (Georgia), 1526 - slave revolt
- San Juan (North Carolina), 1527 - abandonment
- Ajacan (Maryland), 1570 - Indian conflict & slave revolt
- Popham (Maine), 1607 - cold & internal conflict
- Providence Island (Nicaragua), 1631 - starvation & conquest
- New Sweden (New Jersey/Delaware), 1638-1655 - conquest
- corporate colony, 115 colonists mostly male
- base for privateering, Northwest Passage, El Dorado
- Croatoan: Amelia Erheart, Edgar Allen Poe, ghostships!
- internal conflict or disease
- corporate sabotage
- the Dare Stones
causes of failure?
- poor supplies, poor location, conflict with Indians
- Spanish attack or Indian integration
- 1584-1587 driest period in 800 years
- hurricanes and shoreline location
- inspiration for Shakespeare's Tempest?
why do colonies fail
- lack of supplies
- poor location, bad weather
- few laborers, few women
- conflict with Indians or European neighbors
what Pocahontas gets right
- print culture rumors
- copious amounts of alcohol
- lots of stories about John Smith (mostly false!)
- hope for repeat of Spanish success
- goal of returning to England
- main work of colony panning for gold
what Pocahontas gets wrong
- mostly not wholesome family men ("Virginia marriage")
- very few guns, very few resources
- colonists' willingness to work
- exploration for exploration's sake
shift to slavery
- gold?? glass?? logs?? piracy?? tobacco!
- economic upturn in England
- Bacon's Rebellion, 1676
- secure, long-term investment